Fire at a soap factory, Amsterdam, Holland, 18 April 1682.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Jan van der Heiden, first published in 1690, showing the building called the Bruinvis. The steam was caused by the water thrown upon the fire. Below, a plan of the houses shows where the hoses were laid. From 'Beschryving der nieuwlyks uitgevonden en geotrojeerde slang-brand-spuiten en haare wyze van brand-blusen' ('Fire engines with hoses and methods of fighting fires') by van der Heiden and his son Jan, (Amsterdam, 1735). Father and son were designers and manufacturers of Europe's best fire-fighting equipment and Fire-Masters General of Amsterdam. The book is the most important source of technical information for fire-fighting in the 17th and 18th century.