A fire in a sugar refinery, Amsterdam, Holland, 29 December 1669.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Jan van der Heiden, first published in 1690. Fire-fighters are using the old style fire engines and tools and there is a copious supply of water from the Laurier canal. The fire consumed the refinery and also destroyed the owner's house. From 'Beschryving der nieuwlyks uitgevonden en geotrojeerde slang-brand-spuiten en haare wyze van brand-blusen' ('Fire engines with hoses and methods of fighting fires') by van der Heiden and his son Jan, (Amsterdam, 1735). Father and son were designers and manufacturers of Europe's best fire fighting equipment and Fire-Masters General of Amsterdam. The book is the most important source of technical information for firefighting in the 17th and 18th century.