Engraving by Jan van der Heiden, first published 1690; on the left, (A), is the old type of fire engine, together with its tools: ladders, leather buckets, hooks and tarpaulins. On the right, (B), and inset (C), the new fire engine, consisting of a pump with hose. From 'Beschryving der nieuwlyks uitgevonden en geotrojeerde slang-brand-spuiten en haare wyze van brand-blusen' ('Fire engines with hoses and methods of fighting fires') by van der Heiden and his son Jan, (Amsterdam, 1735). Father and son were designers and manufacturers of Europe's best firefighting equipment and Fire-Masters General of Amsterdam. The book is the most important source of technical information for firefighting in the 17th and 18th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library