Training for making maps, 1745.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving showing a map of Europe, (top), and a map of the region of Esslingen, near Stuttgart, in southern Germany. The key shows features such as market towns, mountains, roads and windmills. Illustration from 'Mathematischer Atlas' (Mathematical atlas) by Tobias Mayer (1723-1762) published in Augsburg in 1745. Each plate has descriptive text on either side; some have contemporary hand colouring. Mayer was heavily influenced by Christian von Wolff's work, through which he had taught himself mathematics. The plates duplicate Wolff's choice of subjects - arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, astronomy, geography, chronology, gnomonics, fortification, artillery, civil architecture, optics and mechanics.