Ingram rotary machine, London, 1879.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate from the 'Illustrated London News', part of a series of engravings explaning the production of the magazine. Herbert Ingram (1811-1860) trained as an apprentice printer before establishing a printing busines in Nottingham in 1833. Realising the potenial for reproduction of the boxwood style engraving invented by Thomas Bewick (1753-1828), he founded the 'Illustrated London News' in 1842, using the block wood method of printing, which is shown in progres (bottom left). To the right, the 'American machine' of Hoe is being used. The former method remained the standard until its replacement by the rotogravure technique around the turn of the last century.