Deptford Power Station, London, c 1888.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the Illustrated London News. Engineer Sebastian Ferranti's (1864-1930) completed his electricity generating station at Deptford, on the outskirts of London in 1888. Ferranti was one of the first to suggest building large power stations outside cities, where land was cheaper, and transmitting the electricity at high voltage to small sub-stations near the users. Ferranti planned the Deptford Central Station for the London Electricity Supply Corporation, but his contract was eventually terminated and his design scaled down. The new power station provided jobs to replace those lost in 1869 with the closure of the Deptford docks.