View of a pneumatic railway, c 1840s.
2 2 c m
actual image size: 32cm x 14cm

View of a pneumatic railway, c 1840s.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library


Engraving entitled 'View of the Pneumatic Railway in Operation with Trains on a Double Line Pasing a Station'. The idea of pneumatic, or atmospheric propulsion for a railway originated with George Medhurst in around 1810. His system involved air being pumped along a pipe, pushing a piston which would drag a vehicle along rails outside the pipe. It was considered that pneumatic propulsion had potential advantages over steam, in particular the fact that as a pneumatic railway would not need a locomotive to pull it, trains would be lighter and tracks consequently cheaper to build. A number of pneumatic railways were actually built during the 1840s, including Brunel's South Devon Railway, but the technology could not displace steam, which was by then well established.

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