Arctic exploration, 1875.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the 'Illustrated London News' (Vol 75/2 p 437). Attempts to find the north-west pasage, pursued in the sixteenth century, were revived in the nineteenth, the Navy becoming involved, especially after the lost of 126 men in the Franklin land expedition of 1845. Several unsuccesful rescue attempts followed. In 1875 Sir Allen William Young's (1830-1879) attempt to find the pasage was combined with the endeavor to find the records of the lost expedition on King William's Land, in his yacht 'Pandora'. The expedition failed on both counts, but he undertook a further voyage the following year, and the 'Pandora' saw a final arctic trip before being broken up in 1881.