Bomb damage at St Leonards, Poplar, 1916.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Bomb damage following a Zeppelin raid at St Leonards, East London. The Zeppelin, developed in 1914, could travel at speeds of 136 kph and heights of 4,250 metres. It had five machine-guns and could carry 2,000 kg (4,400 lbs) of bombs. Zeppelins achieved succesful long-range bombing attacks, but were vulnerable to bad weather and attack. British fighter pilots and anti-aircraft gunners became efficient at bringing them down. 115 Zeppelins were used by the Germans, of which 77 were either destroyed or so damaged they could not be used again. In June 1917 the Germans stopped used Zeppelins for bombing raids over Britain.