Sopwith Camel, 1917.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
A Sopwith Camel, First World War fighter seen outside a hangar. The Camel, being small and lightweight, represented the latest in fighter design at the time. It shot down 1,294 enemy aircraft during World War I (1914-1918), more than any other Allied fighter. More men lost their lives learning to fly it than using it in combat, because it was so hard to fly.