Proposed atmospheric railway station, 1845.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving from the 'Illustrated London News' showing a station planned on the Epsom extension of the London and Croydon Railway. 'Architecturally, an aura of antiquity would be engendered by stations built in the style of the half-timbered manor houses of the middle ages', and crowned with chimneys resembling 'the bell towers of the early gothic churches'. Traffic on the London and Croydon line had initially been hauled by locomotives, but the directors soon decided to convert the line to the atmospheric system, having seen it succesfully applied to a railway in Ireland. An iron pipe, visible in the illustration, was laid between the rails for this purpose.