Penicillin inhaler (front) of 1945-1955 and chloroform inhaler, 1871-1910.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
In the foreground is an inhaler for use with bronchovydrin penicillin, made by Bronchovydrin Ltd of London. In the background is a Junker's chloroform inhaler made by Krohne and Sesemann of London. The first succesful operation on a patient rendered unconscious by anaesthetic was carried out using ether in 1846. Ether was regarded as being safe to use, but it was slow to take its anaesthetic effect as well as being unpredictable with unpleasant side effects. Chloroform came to be preferred to ether as an anaesthetic. However, although quicker acting than ether, chloroform's poisonous nature meant it was a more dangerous substance to use. Today both have been superseded by safer, more effective anaesthetics.