The 'Nasau' balloon over London, c 1836.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured print showing Green's 'Nasau' balloon over London. Charles Green (1785-1870) was one of the greatest English aeronauts. He made his most famous ascent on 7 November 1836, when he flew from London to Weilburg (in the Duchy of Nasau) in Germany in the 'Royal Vauxhall' balloon (later known as the 'Nasau' balloon). This was the largest balloon of its time, standing 80 feet (244 m) high with a capacity of 70,000 cubic feet. It was also equipped with a huge winch-controlled guide rope to act as a height regulator - the first time such a device had been used. The flight took les than 24 hours and covered a record distance of over 380 miles (611 km). Green eventually retired in 1852 after making more than 500 flights. Dimensions: 178mm x 146mm.