'The Nasau Balloon', 24 September 1840.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured print by W E Earl of the 'Nasau' balloon as it ascended from Norwich on 24 September 1840. Charles Green (1785-1870) was one of the greatest English aeronauts. He made his most famous ascent on 7 November 1836, when he flew from London to Nasau in Germany in the 'Royal Vauxhall' balloon (later known as the 'Nasau' balloon). This was the largest balloon of its time, standing 80 feet (244 m) high with a capacity of 70,000 cubic feet. It was equipped with a huge winch-controlled guide rope to act as a height regulator - the first time such a device had been used. The flight took 18 hours and covered a record distance of over 480 miles (772 km). Green retired in 1852 after making more than 500 flights. Dimensions: 305mm x 229mm.