'Female Computer' with IBM X-4, 24 March 1952.
© National Aeronautics & Space Administration / Science & Society
'Melba Roy heads the group of NASA mathematicians, known as 'computers', who track the Echo satellites. Roy's computations help produce the orbital element timetables by which millions can view the satellite from Earth as it pases overhead.' The National Advisory Committee for aeronautics (NACA) was established in 1915, and became the National aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on 1 October 1958.