'Articles of china', c 1844.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Salt paper print from a calotype negative by English pioneer of photography William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877), showing china items displayed on four shelves. Similar images, including one entitled 'Articles of Glas', were included in Talbot's publication 'The Pencil of Nature' - the first ever photographically illustrated book, which was published in 1844 and included still lifes, architectural studies and portraits. Talbot invented the negative/positive proces between 1835-1839, patenting it as the calotype proces in 1841. For the first time any number of prints could be made of a single image from a negative.