Carl von Linne, Swedish physician and naturalist, 1737.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
'Linnaeus in his Lapland dres'; mezzotint engraving by Dunkarton after a painting of 1737 by Martin Hoffman. Linne, or Linnaeus (1707-1778), is depicted aged 30, holding a plant and standing beside a pile of his books. Linne became known as the founder of modern scientific nomenclature for plants and animals. In 1749 he introduced binomial nomenclature of generic and specific names for plants and animals, which permitted the hierarchical organisation, later known as systematics. Published by Dr Thornton in June 1805.