William Buckland, geologist, 1832.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Mezzotint by S Cousins after an original painting by T Phillips. Buckland (1784-1856) is shown here in his academic robes, holding an animal skull. Other bone or fosil remains can be seen on a table behind him. As one of the first to observe the action of glacial ice on rocks, he did much to bring physical and natural science into high repute and contributed to the establishment of an international reputation for Oxford University (where he was a student and later a fellow) in science. His main works were 'Reliquiae Diluvianae' (1823) and 'Geology and Mineralogy Considered with Reference to Natural Theology' (1836).