Marie Stopes, British feminist, 1933.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Reproduction of a charcoal drawing by David Low of Marie Carmichael Stopes (1880-1958). Stopes studied in London and Munich, graduating with a degree in botany in 1901, and becoming the youngest female doctor of science in 1904. However, she is best remembered as a feminist and pioneer advocate of birth control. Alarmed by the lack of equality within the marriage relationship, Stopes wrote 'Married Love' (1916), a book about feminism and marriage. This was followed by a guide to contraception 'Wise Parenthood' (1918). In 1921, in the face of opposition from the Church, Stopes founded the Society for Constructive Birth Control and opened the first of her birth-control clinics in Holloway, North London. Published in a supplement to 'The New Statesman and Nation', 9 December, 1933.