Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskjold, Swedish geologist and arctic explorer, c 1880s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photogravure after a painting by Rosen. Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskjold (1832-1901) was born in Helsinki, Finland but became a naturalised Swede. He made several expeditions to Spitsbergen under the Swedish geologist Otto Torrell. Then, from 1864, he commanded a series of expeditions to Spitsbergen, mapping the island and gathering botanical and zoological specimens. In 1878 he became the first person to navigate the Northeast pasage. He wrote many books on geography, cartography and travel including an account of his expedition in 'The Voyage of the Vega' (1881). From a collection of portraits of scientists published by Photographische Gesellschaft, Berlin, c 1910. Dimensions: 460mm x 340mm.