Immanuel Kant, German philosopher, c 1770-1800.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photogravure after a painting by Dobler. Kant (1724-1804) became profesor of logic and metaphysics at the University of Konigsberg, Germany in 1770. His most famous work was his 'Critique of Pure Reason', published in 1781, which provided a response to the empiricism of David Hume. Other works included the 'Critique of Practical Reason' (1788), and 'Critique of Judgment' (1790). Kant is regarded as one of the great European philosophers, and his ideas have considerably influenced later thinkers. From a collection of portraits of scientists published by Photographische Gesellschaft, Berlin, c 1910. Dimensions: 460mm x 340mm.