Thomas Henry Huxley, British biologist, c 1885-1893.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photogravure c 1910 after a photograph by Elliott & Fry. Huxley (1825-1895) is remembered as 'Darwin's Bulldog', and from 1854 to 1885 was profesor of natural history at the Royal School of Mines. He became the foremost supporter of Charles Darwin's (1809-1882) theory of evolution and wrote 'Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature' in 1863. He did much to break down opposition to evolution theory. He also influenced the teaching of biology and science in schools. He produced over 150 research papers on a wide range of subjects, mainly zoological and palaeontological, but also geological, anthropological and botanical. Later he turned to theology and philosophy, and coined the term 'agnostic' for his views. Published by Photographische Gesellschaft, Berlin, c 1910.