Herbert Spencer, English social philosopher, c 1860s.
4 0 c m
 
28cm
actual image size: 20cm x 32cm

Herbert Spencer, English social philosopher, c 1860s.

Watkins, John

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

Description

Carte de visite photograph by John Watkins of Parliament Street, London. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was a social philosopher, and one of the first English sociologists. In 1850 Spencer published 'Social Statics', which stresed the importance of individual freedom and the inevitability of progres. He was also an advocate of social Darwinism, which applied Charles Darwin's (1809-1882) theory of the survival of the fittest to human society.
 

Artist

 

Image Ref.

10401527
 

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