Hugh Miller, Scottish geologist, c 1850s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Carte de visite photograph by A Rae & Son, Banff, Wales of Hugh Miller (1802-1856). Miller was a self-taught geologist, who wrote a number of esays and books on geology, society and education, including 'Scenes and Legends of the North of Scotland' (1835) and 'The Testimony of the Rocks' (published posthumously in 1857). His fosil collection of over 6000 specimens formed the basis of the Scottish national collection at the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh. He was also a committed evangelical Christian and helped to found the Free Church of Scotland.