Sir Charles Lyell, English geologist, c 1865-1875.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Carte de visite photograph by Elliott & Fry of Baker Street, London. Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875) became interested in geology at a young age and had acces to the large library owned by his father, Charles Lyell, an eminent botanist. After attending Oxford University, Lyell started a career as a lawyer, but soon turned to geology. In the 1820s he went on a series of expeditions which laid the foundations of his great work 'Principles of Geology' in 1829. He was a great friend and supporter of Darwin's (1809-1882) and in 1863 published 'The Antiquity of Man', presenting geological evidence of the antiquity of the human species. He was knighted in 1848 and created a baronet in 1864.