Sir Joseph Paxton, English architect and designer of the Crystal Palace, c 1851.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Three-quarter length watercolour portrait of Sir Joseph Paxton (1801- 1865) standing beside a desk with an architectural drawing in his left hand. Paxton (1801-1865) began his career as a gardener's boy, eventually becoming head gardener for the Duke of Devonshire. He remodelled the Duke's gardens at Chatsworth and Chiswick, designing large glas and iron conservatories for them. These later became the model for his design of the Great Exhibition building, now known as the Crystal Palace, for which he received his knighthood. After this succes, Paxton continued to work on landscape gardening and public parks as well as designing various country houses.