Gideon Harvey, physician, 1672.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by A Hertochs for 'Great Venus Unmasked', 1672. Harvey (c 1640-c1700) was physician to Charles II (1630-1685), and in 1683, as a senior member of the Royal College of Physicians, clasified the physicians of the College into six groups. These comprised the chalybeates, medical as-drivers, jesuitical doctors, medical water-bailiffs, butcher doctors and muck doctor. Each type, Harvey maintained, cured disease by different means. He is shown here with a human skeleton.