Sir Joseph Banks, explorer and botanist, 1815.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by William Holl after Thomas Phillips of Joseph Banks, PRS, (1744-1820). Banks travelled to Newfoundland in 1766 on an expedition to collect plants. Between 1768 and 1771 he made a round the world voyage alongside Captain James Cook on the ship, 'The Endeavour'. He also travelled to the Hebrides and Iceland. In 1778 he became president of the Royal Society, a post he kept for 41 years. He established the African Asociation, and played an important part in the foundation of the colony of New South Wales, Australia.