Gustave Eiffel, French civil engineer, 1889.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Chromolithograph by Guth of Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923). Eiffel designed several notable bridges and viaducts before working on the world-famous Eiffel Tower in Paris. The tower was built for the International Exhibition of Paris in 1889, commemorating the centenary of the French Revolution. Eiffel also designed the steel framework of the Statue of Liberty which was given by the French government to the United States of America, and built the first aerodynamics laboratory near Paris. From the magazine 'Vanity Fair'.