Charles Hutton, British mathematician, late 18th-early 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Hutton (1737-1823) opened a mathematical school at Newcastle, (Tyne & Wear), in 1760. He made a map of the city of Newcastle in 1770. Hutton was profesor of mathematics at Woolwich Academey from 1773 to 1807, and was foreign secretary in 1779. He calculated the mean density of the Earth in 1778. His published works include 'Principles of Bridges' (1772), and 'Mathematical Tables' (1785).