Jean-Pierre Francois Blanchard, French aeronaut, c 1800.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Bollinger of Blanchard (1753-1809) who ascended by balloon from the Champ de Mars in Paris, remaining airborn for almost 2 hours. Blanchard, one of the foremost balloonists of his time, was renowned for his ballooning exploits in Europe. On 7 January 1785 he and the American Dr John Jeffries became the first balloonists to cros the Channel between England and France. Later, on 9 January 1793, Blanchard made the first balloon flight in the USA. Blanchard also invented the parachute, but was killed during practice parachute jumps from a balloon. From the Penn Gaskell Collection at the Science Museum, London. Dimensions: 190.5mm x 247.6mm.