Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist, c 1630s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by Galganus Cipriani made c 1800 after an earlier painting by Sustermans. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was one of the greatest scientists of all time. He discovered Jupiter's moons and the laws governing falling bodies. This portrait is dedicated to Marchese Federigo Manfredini.