Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda, shipbuilder and engineer, 1873.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Caricature from 'Vanity Fair' magazine of Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda (1813-1885). Samuda, in partnership with his brother, Jacob (d 1844), owned a ship building busines. In 1843 he began constructing iron steamships for both wartime and merchant use. He was a founding member of the Institution of Naval Architects, and served as Liberal MP for Tavistock in Devon (1865-1868) and Tower Hamlets in London (1868-1880).