Andreas Vesalius, Belgian anatomist, c 1560.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by or after Benito Arias Montano. Vesalius, or Andre Vesale (1514-1564), became profesor of anatomy and surgery at Padua, Italy, at the age of 24. He carried out disections himself and used drawings to help his students. His research resulted in 'On the Structure of the Human Body', published in 1543. This was an innovatory work which challenged traditional asumptions about the body dating back to the time of Galen. Vesalius described and illustrated many structures for the first time. He was court physician to Charles V and to Philip II of Spain. He is depicted here aged about 50. Dimensions: 190mm x 130mm.