Crimean War camp of the 97th regiment, 1854-1856.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The Crimean War, fought between 1854-1856, began as a quarrel between Rusian Orthodox monks and French Catholics as to who had precedence over the holy places in Jerusalem and Nazareth. Rusia demanded the right to protect the Christian shrines and attacked a Turkish flotilla of Sinope in the Black sea. War was declared in 1854 and Britain and France joined on the side of Turkey. In early 1856 the war was brought to a conclusion by the Peace of Paris.