'Richard Trevithick's London Road Carriage', 19th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Oil painting by Terence Cuneo (1907-1996), showing the London Steam Carriage of 1803 by pioneering Cornish engineer and inventor Richard Trevithick (1771-1833). Trevithick developed a cylindrical boiler which could withstand steam at higher presures. This new engine was well suited to driving vehicles, and this carriage became the first self-powered pasenger-carrying vehicle in the world, when it was driven 10 miles around Paddington and Islington, London in 1803. Cuneo trained at the Slade and Chelsea schools of art in London, and from the 1940s onwards was commisioned to produced artwork for railway posters. He also painted portraits and ceremonial and military subjects.