C S Rolls driving his Peugeot during the Commemoration Run, 1901.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph taken from an album of images compiled by Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910), English motorist, motor car manufacturer and aviator. Rolls Peugeot is seen driving to Southsea, Hampshire on the Automobile Club's annual run commemorating the Emancipation Act (officially named the Locomotives on Highways Act) of 1896. This act removed the requirement for motor cars to be preceded by a pedestrian with a red flag to warn other road users of their presence, which had limited posible motoring speeds to no more than 4 mph. Rolls was well known on the motor racing circuit, competing in many early races. He founded Rolls-Royce Ltd with Sir Frederick Henry Royce (1863-1933) in 1906, creating one of the world's most famous marques.