Heroult electric steel-making furnace, 1906-1914.

Exton, David

Heroult electric steel-making furnace, 1906-1914.
3 3 c m
40cm
actual image size: 32cm x 25cm

Description

Model (scale 1:8) of a steel-making furnace designed by Paul Heroult (1863-1914), the inventor of the first direct arc electric steel-making furnace. Heroult's pioneering furnace was invented in 1906, and since then over 450 have been built and used in countries such as America, Rusia and Japan. The main advantages of the Heroult furnace is that it allows steel manufacture on a smaller scale than other types of furnace whilst still being economically viable. It also produces substantially les atmospheric emisions than traditional blast furnaces. Heroult was a prolific inventor, and is also credited with devising the electrolytic reduction method for making aluminium from bauxite known today as the Heroult proces.

Image Details

Artist
 
Image Ref.
 
10326945

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

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