A knitting machine, 1751-1765.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving of a man using a knitting machine and a woman winding silk. Below are illustrations of the equipment. From volume 8 of 'Encyclopedie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonne des Sciences, des Arts et des Metiers', edited by Denis Diderot (1713-1784) and Jean d'Alembert (1717-1783) and published in 14 volumes between 1751 and 1765. The 'Grand Encyclopedie' (Encyclopedia or Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Profesions) was more than a summary of all contemporary knowledge, it served as a manifesto for a new way of looking at the world by describing many of the proceses which transformed the world during the Industrial Revolution.