Eadweard James Muybridge, British-American photographer, 1889.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from 'The Illustrated London News', 25 May 1889 showing Muybridge lecturing at the Royal Society in London. After emigrating to America in 1852, Muybridge (1830-1904) became a profesional photographer and was eventually appointed chief photographer for the United States government. In 1877, he used a series of still photographs to show that a trotting horse at times has all its feet off the ground, and in 1880 he devised the zoopraxiscope, a precursor of cinematography.