Timothy Hackworth, locomotive engineer, 1825.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Pencil and watercolour painting. Originally a blacksmith, Hackworth (1786-1850) was a pioneer in the construction of steam locomotives. In 1808, he worked at Wylam Colliery where he helped William Hedley (1779-1843) produce the 'Puffing Billy' locomotive. In 1825 he was appointed to the Stockton and Darlington Railway by George Stephenson (1781-1848), and in doing so became the first ever locomotive superintendent. There, he built the famous 'Royal George' and 'Sans Pareil' which was entered in the Rainhill Trials of 1829 and was subsequently used on the Bolton and Leigh Railway. In 1833 Hackworth left the Stockton and Darlington Railway to form his own succesful Soho locomotive building company. Dimensions: 110mm x 80mm.