Spinning machine, c 1629.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Spinning machine, c 1629. Illustrated plate taken from 'Le Machine' (Rome, 1629) by Giovanni Branca (1571-1640), showing a woman operating a spinning machine driven by an Archimedian screw. Branca's pioneering work 'Le Machine' is notable for the earliest figure of a steam turbine.