Bluebird, world land speed record car, 1931.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Model (scale 1:13). In 1931, at Daytona, Florida, Malcolm Campbell (1885-1948) set a new world land speed record of 246.09 mph driving this car. A year later he raised the record to 253.97 mph. The car was powered by a supercharged Napier Lion aero engine. In all, Malcolm Campbell, who was knighted in 1931, broke the world land speed record 9 times, culminating in being the first to exceed 300 mph in 1935. He then set the world water speed record in 1937, becoming the first to hold both records simultaneously. This model was made by its donor, Mr E J Hamel in 1931.