James Watt, Scottish engineer, c 1800s.

James Watt, Scottish engineer, c 1800s.

Chantrey, Francis, Sir

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

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Plaster copy of a bust by Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey (1781-1841) of James Watt (1736-1819). Watt was a Scottish engineer and instrument maker who invented the modern steam engine which became the main source of power in the textile mills in Britain. His engine had a separate condenser through which steam from the cylinder was pased and cooled, allowing the engine to be kept hot. This reduced fuel consumption, saving time.
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