Douglas DC-3A, serial no 1911, 1936.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The DC-3 has contributed more to air transport than any other aircraft. When it was introduced in 1936, it was the first modern airliner able to carry a sufficient number of pasengers in such comfort and at such a cost to encourage and promote a healthy growth of air traffic. Many were built as military transports during World War II. It was known as the Dakota or Pioneer when operated for the British armed forces and by British European Airways. Several hundred are still in service, and it has been said that 'the only replacement for a DC-3 is another DC-3'. This aircraft is pictured at the Science Museum's Wroughton Airfield in Wiltshire.